is vaseline petroleum jelly good for hemorrhoids
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Hemorrhoids primarily affect adults ages 45 to 65 and are most commonly associated with bowel movement problems, including chronic constipation or diarrhea, straining during bowel movement, and sitting for a long time on the toilet
Each of these things can exert stress on veins that drain blood from the colon and rectum, which are located within the anal canal in a structure known as the hemorrhoid cushion.
The ensuing rise in blood pressure in these veins can cause them to slip from muscles and connective tissues meant to hold them in place, leading to the formation of hemorrhoid.
Certain individuals are at greater risk for hemorrhoids, including those who eat a low-fiber diet, obese or pregnant people, those with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and those with constipation/hard stools. Genetics can also play a role.
Causes of Hemorrhoids
Because the symptoms of hemorrhoids are similar to other medical conditions (including anal fissures, IBD, and colorectal cancer), it is important that they are examined by a doctor. This is especially true if there is bleeding, extreme pain, or the worsening of symptoms despite treatment.
Hemorrhoids can usually be diagnosed with a visual examination of the anal and rectal (anorectal
) area. Sometimes, a gloved rectal exam, internal examination with a scope, or lab or imaging tests may be necessary.
Most cases of mild to moderate external hemorrhoids will benefit from conservative treatment options, such as over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription stool softeners and sitz baths.
OTC topical ointments (Preparation-H, Rectogesic) may be helpful, but some have corticosteroid and should only be used when recommended by your doctor. If symptoms are severe and fail to respond to these approaches, other, more invasive interventions may be explored.
Non-surgical options to collapse the hemorrhoid or cut its blood supply include rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy
, and infrared coagulation.